This is another book I borrowed for a short time and was not able to get a picture of the cover before returning it. It is The Medieval Kitchen by Redon, Sabban, and Serventi. The ISBN is 978-0226706856. The image below is from rakuten.com:
The book brings us recipes from medieval France and Italy, which had some different ingredients available than the same time period in England. Romania is listed on page 88, in the chapter "Meats Cooked in Sauce". They mention that both sweet and sour pomegranates were available and this recipe called for the sour variety. Since those aren't available in my area, they recommend adding some lemon juice to brighten the flavor.
Romania -- Chicken with Pomegranate Juice
1 free-range chicken, about 3 1/4 pounds
2 fresh pomegranates
1 cup unblanched almonds
1 medium large onion
2 ounce fresh pork fatback
juice of 1 lemon
1/2 teaspoon strong spice mixture (*see notes below)
Wash the almonds and dry them thoroughly. When they are completely dry, grind them to a powder in a blender. Remove from blender jar and set aside (you need not wash the blender before the next step).
Cut the pomegranates in half an scoop out all their seeds into the blender jar. Puree the seeds and strain; this should yield 1 1/4 to 1 1/2 cups of juice. Mix the juice and the ground almonds, and add the lemon juice. Press the mixture through a fine strainer; the result will be an almond milk made with pomegranate juice instead of water.
Cut the chicken into serving pieces and pat dry. Sprinkle with salt. Cut the fat into 1/8-inch dice and render it over low heat in a heavy-bottomed casserole.
Peel the onion and slice into thin rings. When the fat has rendered, brown the chicken and onion until evenly golden. If excess fat remains in the casserole, spoon most of it out before proceeding.
Add the almond-pomegranate juice and the spices. Bring to the boil, then turn the heat down as low as possible and simmer, covered, until the chicken is tender, 30 to 45 minutes.
Check for seasoning and serve.
|It looks like the olive oil bottle needs refilling|
I bought a whole chicken as per the recipe but next time I think I'll just use a cut up one or, even better by my tastes, a package of boneless, skinless thighs.
The "strong spice mixture" is listed as "recipe 150, variation C" further on in the book. It is basically 1 part ground black pepper, 1 part long pepper, 3 parts ground cloves, and 3 parts ground nutmeg. At least that is what I used. I put them all in my coffee-grinder-dedicated-to-grinding-spices-only and whirred them into a powder.
I have long pepper (see the Wikipedia article at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Long_pepper) because I cook in the medieval and Renaissance time period. It is much like black pepper but with a more fiery bite. The mixture I put together had quantities that were just eye-balled and it did smell strong and peppery.
Anyway, it was easy to grind the almonds and mix them with the juices. I let them steep (always a good idea for almond milk) while I cut up the chicken and then browned it with the onions.
|Nearly all browned|
The almond milk was mostly brown so I'm not sure how the authors got the "rosy color" they refer to in the text. I tasted it and was wowed by the burst of flavor in my mouth. I couldn't wait to try this dish!
|Not rosy but wowsie!|
I even made sure some of the onion was on top of the chicken. Then I covered it, set the heat to very low, and walked away for 45 minutes.
I tried a thigh with some onion and a few spoonfuls of sauce over the top. Success! The authors said it would have a "gentle flavor" and it certainly did. The juice flavors I tasted before cooking had mellowed considerably and blended with the chicken, spices, and onion. I liked it a lot!
I noticed that some of the sauce around the edges had thickened more than what I had scooped out, so I tried that, too. Oh, I liked this even more! The flavor was richer and the sauce stayed longer on my tongue. The thick pieces of chicken hadn't cooked all the way through (my heat is very low) so I turned it back on and simmered them, uncovered, for another 20 minutes on very low. Now all the meat was cooked and all the sauce was thick. Much, much better!
I truly liked the mellow fruit and spice flavor. But I was also intrigued with the idea of getting more of that rosy color and a stronger burst of pomegranate, so I took some of the sauce and mixed in just a splash of pomegranate juice. This was good over the chicken, too!
So make your choice: Want your sauce to have a gentle, subtle flavor? Follow the recipe. Want it to be thicker? Reduce it and the flavor will intensify a bit, too. Want that rosy color and a stronger pomegranate flavor? I would reserve out about 1/4 cup of the pomegranate-lemon juice mix and add it at the very end.
Who knew this recipe could be so versatile?